Department Of Agriculture Fisheries And Forestry Nsw
Department Of Agriculture Fisheries And Forestry Nsw
New South Wales
Health care and social assistance was the largest employment sector with 504,400 people, followed by professional, scientific and technical services with 379,000 people, and retail trade with 375,500 people. Other important employment sectors in the state were construction; education and training; and accommodation and food services. The agriculture, forestry and fishing sector employed 75,900 people or around 2 per cent of the state’s workforce.
Value of agricultural production
In 2015–16, the gross value of agricultural production in New South Wales was $13.1 billion, which was 23 per cent of the total gross value of agricultural production in Australia ($56 billion).
The most important commodities in New South Wales based on the gross value of agricultural production were cattle and calves ($2.6 billion), followed by wheat ($1.9 billion) and wool ($0.9 billion). These commodities together contributed 41 per cent of the total value of agricultural production in the state.
Number and type of farms
ABS data indicate that in 2015–16 there were 25,716 farms in New South Wales with an estimated value of agricultural operations of $40,000 or more. The state contains 30 per cent of all farm businesses in Australia.
|Industry classification||New South Wales||Australia|
|Number of farms||% of Region||Number of farms||Contribution of NSW to Australian total %|
|Beef Cattle Farming (Specialised)||7,095||27.6||22,608||31.4|
|Sheep Farming (Specialised)||3,423||13.3||9,632||35.5|
|Grain-Sheep or Grain-Beef Cattle Farming||3,105||12.1||8,507||36.5|
|Other Grain Growing||2,984||11.6||10,496||28.4|
|Sheep-Beef Cattle Farming||2,531||9.8||5,069||49.9|
|Dairy Cattle Farming||868||3.4||6,609||13.1|
|Other Fruit and Tree Nut Growing||658||2.6||1,936||34.0|
|Vegetable Growing (Outdoors)||607||2.4||2,742||22.1|
Note: Estimated value of agricultural operations $40,000 or more. Industries that constitute less than 1 per cent of the region’s industry are not shown.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2017.
Farms in the table above are classified according to the activities that generate most of their value of production. Beef cattle farms (7,095 farms) were the most common, accounting for 28 per cent of all farms in New South Wales, and 31 per cent of all beef cattle farms in Australia.
Estimated value of agricultural operations (EVAO) is a measure of the value of production from farms and a measure of their business size. Around 39 per cent of farms in New South Wales had an EVAO between $50,000 and $150,000. These farms accounted for only 8 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in 2015–16. In comparison, 11 per cent of farms in the state had an EVAO of more than $1 million and accounted for an estimated 51 per cent of the total value of agricultural operations in New South Wales in 2015–16.
New South Wales wild-catch fisheries provide a range of fisheries products. In 2014–15, finfish species contributed 46 per cent of the wild-catch production, valued at $40 million. The main finfish species landed were sea mullet, with a gross value of production of $8.0 million, followed by black and yellowfin bream ($3.5 million), school whiting ($2.6 million), snapper ($1.7 million), and sand whiting ($1.6 million). Prawns contributed 22 per cent of the total value of wild-catch fisheries with a value of $19.3 million, with other important crustacean groups being eastern rock lobster (13 per cent; $11.4 million), and crabs (9 per cent; $7.6 million).
In 2014–15 the value of New South Wales aquaculture production is estimated to have increased by 14 per cent ($7.3 million) to $61 million. Oyster production makes the greatest contribution to New South Wales aquaculture production, accounting for 67 per cent of production by value, worth $40.6 million. Prawns ($5.1 million) and finfish aquaculture species, including silver perch ($3 million), trout ($2.8 million), and barramundi ($0.9 million) make up most of the remaining aquaculture production.
Commonwealth fisheries active in New South Wales include the Small Pelagic Fishery, the Eastern Tuna and Billfish fishery (mainly supplying export markets with tuna), and the Commonwealth trawl sector of the Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark fishery.
In 2014–15, New South Wales fisheries product exports were valued at $18.6 million. The main export products include live and fresh, chilled or frozen fish, rock lobster, and abalone. Japan and New Zealand, are the major destinations for New South Wales fisheries exports, accounting for 33 per cent and 15 per cent of the total value of exports in 2014–15, respectively. Other major export destinations include Taiwan (14 per cent), Vietnam (12 per cent), and Italy (5 per cent).
The New South Wales coast line is an important recreational fishing area, with a multitude of inlets and estuaries from which to fish. Being a tourism precinct, the region offers a number of recreational fishing opportunities, with the value of this activity to the regional economy likely to be significant. There are also a range of game fishing tournaments throughout the year, including in the Bermagui and Port Stephens area, targeting tuna and marlin species. New South Wales also contains a number of recreational only fishing areas, especially in the far south coast of New South Wales, a popular destination for both marine and freshwater recreational fishers. A large number of recreational fishers also fish in the Greater Sydney area, stretching from Newcastle to the Illawarra area, and comprising the city areas of Newcastle, Sydney, and Wollongong. Species commonly targeted in the area include yellowfin bream, dusky flathead, yellowtail, blue swimmer crab, squid, and southern calamari (Steffe & Murphy 2011).
In 2011, the most recent year for which data are available, there were approximately 22.3 million hectares of native forests in New South Wales, comprised mainly of Eucalypt medium woodland (6.8 million hectares), Eucalypt medium open (4.8 million hectares), Eucalypt tall open (2.3 million hectares), Callitris (1.5 million hectares), and Eucalypt mallee woodland (1.1 million hectares) forest types. There were 8.9 million hectares of the native forests are privately owned, 5.7 million hectares are leasehold forest, 5.6 million hectares are in nature conservation reserves and 2.0 million hectares in multiple-use public forest available for timber production. Major timber processing industries are located at Albury, Barham, Booral, Gilmore, Glenn Innes, Glenreagh, Herons Creek, Koolkhan, Kyogle, Lismore, Thora, Tumbarumba, Tumut, Urbenville, Walcha, and Wyan.
In 2015–16, the volume of native hardwood logs harvested in New South Wales was 876,000 cubic metres valued at $110 million. The volume of plantation hardwood logs harvested was 63,000 cubic metres valued at $5 million. The volume of softwood harvested was 4.7 million cubic metres valued at $344 million. These values and volumes include New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.
Total sales and service income in the New South Wales forest and wood product industry was estimated at $8.9 billion in 2015–16. The income generated from the sale of wood products was $4.6 billion, and the income generated from the sale of paper and paper products was $4.3 billion.
In 2016, the New South Wales forestry sector employed 17,571 workers (0.5 per cent of the total employed workforce in New South Wales) compared with 22,250 (0.7 per cent) in 2011. The number of people employed includes the following categories: forestry, logging, support services, timber wholesaling; and wood, pulp, paper and converted paper product manufacturing.